Riding The Half-Halt - How, Why, & When
Updated: Sep 10, 2020
Understanding the half-halt and it's purpose is a key element to becoming a successful Dressage rider. However, many riders find it confusing because half-halts are not used for just one purpose during riding. For example, you might half-halt to bring your horse back in balance, activate your horse’s hind legs, or prepare for a downward transition.
One definition remains true in all cases: “The half-halt is a call to attention to prepare the horse for the next command of his rider.” – Classical Training of Horse and Rider pg 40
“The rider places more weight in his seat bones by tightening his back muscles, pushes the horse forward with his legs, and uses a carefully measured asking or non-yielding rein aid followed with minimum delay by a yielding rein.” Principles of Riding p 97-98
One of the best exercises when first learning the half-halt is through transitions. Start with simple trot-walk-trot transitions. From a working trot, do a transition by counting down 5-4-3-2-1 to walk. Walk for a few steps and then trot again. Try to do less and less steps of walk until you are doing only 1 or 2 walk steps before transitioning back to trot. When that is easy, from trot, do a transition to an almost walk. Right before you feel your horse is about to walk, push him forward again. Once you have mastered the “almost walk” exercise try to prolong the almost walk for 3-4 steps by using your seat, driving aids, and non-yielding connection before returning to a working or medium trot.
· The half-halt is used to shift more weight behind and increase engagement of the horse’s hindquarters.
· Half-halts are used to bring a horse back in balance.
· Half-halts are used when riding a transition from one gait to another as well as transitions within the gaits.
· Half-halts can be used to give notice to the horse that a more complicated movement is about to be asked of them.
· Half-halts can also be used to correct a horse that is inclined to lie against the contact and reins.
· Using a pulling hand and no driving legs or seat.
· Keeping the aids on for too long. The half-halt should not last for more than a few steps. If you don’t get the reaction you are looking for, ride your horse forward before asking for the half-halt again.
· Waiting too long to ask for the half-halt in order to balance the horse and prepare them for the next movement or transition.
The half-halt is an important gymnastic exercise that allows the rider to develop and communicate with their horse in a balanced and connected way. Any new movement introduced to a horse should be proceeded by a half-halt to make sure the horse is alert and in proper balance.